As new advances in science and technology are reached every single day, new ideas and innovations are put to the test to bring forth products that are helpful to society, and the pharmaceutical industry is one of the largest in doing so. Yearly, hundreds of companies throughout the nation and worldwide work hard to research, develop, test, and bring to market new drugs for patients. Vilvet Pharmaceutical is a company based out of Pennsylvania that understands technology and medicine go together, and they are committed to innovation and technology, while working with other drug developers to support clinical trials and helping to manufacture and distribute these drugs. As a whole, the industry will test thousands of drugs yearly, with studies ongoing for an average of 12 years before coming to market, with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), giving the final approval. Of all the trials, only a handful ever makes it to market, with 59 being approved in 2018.
The discovery of a new drug will usually begin in a lab, usually at a university level, where researchers will have been given grants by pharmaceutical companies or research bodies. They are tasked to gain a better understanding of a particular disease process, the molecules, receptors, pathways etc. involved, and potential ways of halting or reversing these processes. Researchers then work tirelessly to test various molecules and compounds to find ones that may be effective, working with natural, and growingly genetic material to produce molecules and proteins. They will generally also look at previous treatments, side effects, and efficacy and dose responses to see how they may be able to better improve on those aspects. Vilvet Pharma explains that thousands of molecules and proteins will be studied extensively, and of those only a handful will be chosen as candidates that could potentially help combat the disease process being researched. These are then studied even further to better understand their safety and efficacy using both animal and computerized models, while also looking at how the compounds are used by the body (absorbed, metabolized, excreted).